What is periodontal disease?

 In Dental Hygiene

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease or gum disease as it is often called, occurs in the gum and bone around the teeth. Some people are more susceptible to gum disease than others, and while inherited factors might be involved, good dental hygiene is key to keeping it at bay.
If gum disease is left untreated, gaps called pockets can form between the gums and the teeth and become infected. Eventually teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.

What causes gum disease?

The build up of plaque on the teeth is the cause of gum disease. Plaque is constantly forming on your teeth and harbours bacteria. If plaque is not removed it can turn into a harder substance called calculus which builds up more plaque making it harder to clean. This will result in damage to the gum attachment to your teeth. This hard substance can only be removed from a dentist or hygienist.

Symptoms to look out for?

Gum disease is often painless, but may cause bleeding, red, swollen or tender gums. Other symptoms include loose teeth, an unpleasant taste in the mouth or bad breath. Regular dental appointments are important because, although you might not notice any of the symptoms of gum disease, we will notice them.

Who gets gum disease?

Anyone can get gum disease, but some people have a greater than average risk. If you smoke or use tobacco, you’re more likely to suffer from gum disease or to experience more severe forms of it. Smokers have also been found to heal more slowly after treatment.
Diabetics and people under stress or with other medical conditions can also be at a higher risk of gum disease.

Your treatment

Your specific treatment will depend on how advanced the gum disease is, but it will involve removing plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Complications can arise from treatment resulting in sensitivity, incomplete healing and a gum abscess. We can discuss your treatment with you.

Avoiding gum disease

Removing plaque regularly is the best course of action. Thoroughly brush your teeth and get at the plaque that hides between your teeth by using dental floss or another method of interdental cleaning regularly. We can help you find the right method for you.

To book an appointment with our fantastic hygiene team please call us or email today!

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